Oxytocin which also goes by the name Oxt is a neuropeptide and peptide hormone. It has a major role when it comes to sexual reproduction in males and females, social bonding, pro-social behaviours.
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What is Oxytocin?
Oxytocin which also goes by the name Oxt is a neuropeptide and peptide hormone. In the body, it is produced by the hypothalamus and then released by the posterior pituitary gland. Its structure is composed of nine amino acids and has a molecular mass of 1007.9. It has a major role when it comes to sexual reproduction in males and females, social bonding & pro-social behaviours. It is released into the bloodstream during labour and breastfeeding.
How does Oxytocin Work
The axon terminals of the pituitary gland are known to control pro-social behaviours like fear, reinforcement and anxiety among others. Oxytocin is usually released into the bloodstream via these same axon terminals. As a result, people have come up with a speculation that the brain effects concerned with behaviour are affected by these axons.
Another major fact is that once this peptide has been expressed from the brain by the hypothalamus, it can’t re-enter. This has led to the belief that the behavioural effects due to the presence of the peptide are caused by it being released by central projecting oxt neurons which tend to be different from the neurons that go into the pituitary gland.
As a result based on the scientific researches performed on animal subjects, oxytocin has been labelled as playing major and complex roles in the body apart from only emotional responses or arousal. Some of the major functions of oxytocin include the “let down” reflex during lactation (breast feeding) in female or the pro-social attachment behaviour like bonding. It also affects the mood.
Oxytocin acts differently on females and males. Females respond faster to social stimuli under the effect of this peptide as compared to males.
The peptide’s comes in a unit size of 2mg per vial, unit quantity 1 vial. It is a white powder that is soluble in either water or 1% acetic acid. As for its storage, oxytocin that is lyophilised is stable at a room temperature for about 3 months. In cases of an extended period, it should be stored in a freezer with -8c. After it has been reconstituted, this peptide has to be refrigerated at a temperature of not more than 36F.
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